Liquidity vs. Halving: Unraveling the Forces Shaping Bitcoin's Price Cycles

Published by Matoshi

Liquidity vs. Halving: Unraveling the Forces Shaping Bitcoin's Price Cycles

The cryptocurrency market, dominated by Bitcoin, has been a subject of fascination for traders and investors. Among the many factors that influence the price of Bitcoin, two often-debated elements take center stage: Liquidity and the Halving. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of these components and their roles in shaping the crypto market.

Liquidity vs. Halving - What About it?

To understand the ongoing debate about liquidity and Bitcoin halving, it's essential to define these terms.


Liquidity refers to the total amount of money circulating in the financial system at any given time. It has a profound impact on various aspects of the market:

  • Number of Buyers and Sellers: Liquidity increases the number of participants in trading, making it easier to find someone to buy from or sell to. High liquidity enhances market activity.
  • Interest Rates: A surplus of money in the system results in lower borrowing costs, translating to lower interest rates. This, in turn, encourages more businesses to borrow money for growth.
  • Price Impact: In a highly liquid market, the prices of assets tend to be more stable and less prone to extreme fluctuations.
  • Transaction Speeds: With increased liquidity, transactions occur at a faster pace, promoting overall market growth.
  • Investor Confidence: More liquidity equates to greater confidence in the market, fostering a healthier trading environment.

In essence, higher liquidity is essential for maintaining robust market conditions.


On the other hand, Bitcoin halving is an event ingrained in the cryptocurrency's design. Miners run complex programs to solve blocks, and when they succeed, they are rewarded with Bitcoin. However, this reward is halved approximately every four years, reducing the number of new Bitcoins entering circulation. This scarcity has a profound effect on Bitcoin's price.

The first halving took place on November 28th, 2012, reducing the reward to 25 Bitcoins. The second occurred on July 9th, 2016, cutting the reward to 12.5 Bitcoins. The most recent halving transpired on May 11th, 2020, reducing the reward to 6.25 Bitcoins. Currently, approximately 92% of all available Bitcoins have been mined, and only 8% remain. This stark reduction in available supply has a unique impact on the market dynamics.

Halving vs. Bitcoin - The Halving's Real Effect

The common belief that Bitcoin's price surge is driven by halving events may not tell the whole story. With 92% of the supply already in circulation, the impact of halving on price may be diminishing. This leads us to consider other factors at play in the cryptocurrency market.

A theory that offers insight into this phenomenon is the "Halving Cycles Theory Model." This model identifies two distinct patterns associated with Bitcoin halving events.

The Primary pattern is centered around the date of the first halving, which occurred on November 28th, 2012. This event had the most substantial impact on price, shaping the primary cycle. In some years, Bitcoin also exhibits early tops around the dates of the second halving (July 9th, 2016). These secondary cycles are characterized by purple and yellow dots on price charts.

The precise consistency of these cycles indicates that they are not random occurrences. They follow a pattern established by the original supply shock caused by the first halving. However, the theory also suggests that market manipulation and liquidity play essential roles in maintaining these cycles' balance.

The ongoing debate regarding the relative influence of liquidity and Bitcoin halving on price is far from settled. While halving cycles have historically driven bull markets, it is becoming increasingly clear that liquidity and market dynamics are central to understanding Bitcoin's price behavior.